60th and 75th
India, Brazil, South Africa, Democratic Republic of Congo, Russia, Botswana, Australia, Canada
MOHS Hardness Scale:
History and Myth:
Plato suggested diamonds were actually living celestial spirits embodied in stones, further adding to the mystique and power that surrounded the stones. The Greek people believed the diamonds were something similar, tears of the gods or broken splinters from fallen stars. Given that the stars were believed to have been children of the gods Eos and Astraios, it only follows that they thought the diamonds were actually a piece of the mythological universe.
Literature mentions that Cupid’s arrows were diamond-tipped.
Diamonds are among nature’s most precious and beautiful creations. This hardest gem of all is made of just one element: carbon. It’s valued for its colourless nature and purity. Most diamonds are primeval – over a billion years old – and are formed deep within the earth.
Diamonds are the hardest material on earth: 58 times harder than anything else in nature.
Lucy in the sky with Diamonds …Fifty light years from earth, this star is a 10 billion-trillion-trillion carat diamond.
The average yield in most diamond mines is 1 part diamond to 1 million parts host rock.
Pliny stated: “Diamond is the most valuable, not only of precious stones, but of all things in this world.”
The world’s love of diamonds began in India, where diamonds were gathered from the country’s rivers and streams.