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Garnet

Birthstone:
January

Wedding anniversary:
2nd

Origin:
Africa, India, Russia, South America, Madagascar, Pakistan and the United States

Chemical Formula:
A3B2Si3O12

Mineral:
Almandine, Pyrope, Spessartine, Andradite, Grossular, and Uvarovite

MOHS Hardness Scale:
6.5-7.5

Healing Properties:
Passion, Sensuality, Sexuality, Romantic love, Intimacy, Positive thoughts, Energy, Past life recall, Inspiration, Success, Social popularity, Self-confidence

History and Myth:
Myth suggests that the garnet originated with Persephone, the Greek goddess of sunshine. Persephone was captured by Hades, the god of the underworld. Before Hades released Persephone, he wanted to guarantee her return, so he gave her some pomegranate seeds. The word garnet comes from the Latin "granatus," which means seed. Hades gave pomegranate seeds, which are often associated with the stone, to Persephone before she left him as a token of safety, so garnets are often given as gifts upon departure for travel. When given in this context, they’re believed to grant quick, safe returns and eradicate the emotional distance between separated lovers. The next time you eat a pomegranate, you will notice the seeds' resemblance to garnet.

Garnet was another of the stones thought to be given by god to King Solomon. Garnets also have ties to light and to work: Plato is said to have had his portrait engraved on a garnet by a Roman engraver, and it’s said that Noah used a finely cut, glowing garnet to illuminate the ark. For their color, garnets can symbolize the blood of Christ, and in the Koran, garnets are said to illuminate the Fourth Heaven of the Moslems.

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